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新概念英语第四册:Lesson 7 Bats

2017-01-03 21:36 来源:小牛英语

小朋友们是否对口语练习和听力的训练感到迷惘?听和说本就是一体的,谁也离不开谁,在练习听力的时候,跟着文章一起读的同时也是锻炼自己口语水平的好机会。
 
这次小牛英语为小朋友们准备了《新概念英语》。每一个课时都有一个问题需要小朋友们认真听完录音后回答。小编希望小朋友们在听懂录音的时候也可以跟着录音一起读,从而提高自己的口语水平。这篇文章的主题叫做“ Bats”小朋友们快跟着我一起来学习吧!
 

 
Lesson 7 Bats
 
第7课 蝙蝠
 
First listen and then answer the following question.
 
听录音,然后回答以下问题。
 
In what way does echo-location in bats play an utilitarian role?
 
Not all sounds made by animals serve as language, and we have only to turn to that extraordinary
discovery of echo-location in bats to see a case in which the voice plays a strictly utilitarian role.
 
动物发出的声音不都是用作语言交际。我们只要看一看蝙蝠回声定位这一极不寻常的发现,
就可以探究一下声音在什么情况下有绝对的实用价值。
 
To get a full appreciation of what this means we must turn first to some recent human inventions.
 
要透彻理解这句话的意义,我们应先回顾一下人类最近的几项发明。
 
Everyone knows that if he shouts in the vicinity of a wall or a mountainside, an echo will come
back.
 
大家都知道,在墙壁或山腰附近发出的喊声,就会听到回声。
 
The further off this solid obstruction, the longer time will elapse for the return of the echo.
 
固体障碍物越远,回声返回所用时间就越长。
 
A sound made by tapping on the hull of a ship will be reflected from the sea bottom, and by
measuring the time interval between the taps and the receipt of the echoes the depth of the sea
at that point can be calculated.
 
敲打船体所发了的声音会从海底传回来,测出回声间隔的时间,便可算出该处海洋的深度。
 
So was born the echo-sounding apparatus, now in general use in ships.
 
这样就产生了目前各种船舶上普遍应用的回声探测仪。
 
Every solid object will reflect a sound, varying according to the size and nature of the object.
 
任何固体者反射声音,反射的声音因物体的大小和性质的不同而不同。
 
A shoal of fish will do this.
 
鱼群也反射声音。
 
So it is a comparatively simple step from locating the sea bottom to locating a shoal of fish.
 
从测定海深到测定鱼群,这一进展比较容易。
 
With experience, and with improved apparatus, it is now possible not only to locate a shoal but
to tell if it is herring, cod, or other well-known fish, by the pattern of its echo.
 
根据经验和改进了的仪器,不仅能够确定鱼群的位置,而且可以根据鱼群回声的特点分辨出
是鲱鱼、鳕鱼,这是人们所熟悉的其他鱼。
 
It has been found that certain bats emit squeaks and by receiving the echoes, they can locate and
steer clear of obstacles -- or locate flying insects on which they feed.
 
人们发现,某些蝙蝠能发出尖叫声,并能通过回声来确定并躲开障碍物,或找到它们赖以为
生的昆虫。
 
This echo-location in bats is often compared with radar, the principle of which is similar.
 
蝙蝠这种回声定位常常可与雷达相比较,其原理是相似的。

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