新概念英语第四册：Lesson 6 The sporting spirit
2017-01-03 21:35 来源：小牛英语
这次小牛英语为小朋友们准备了《新概念英语》。每一个课时都有一个问题需要小朋友们认真听完录音后回答。小编希望小朋友们在听懂录音的时候也可以跟着录音一起读，从而提高自己的口语水平。这篇文章的主题叫做“The sporting spirit”小朋友们快跟着我一起来学习吧！
Lesson 6 The sporting spirit
First listen and then answer the following question.
How does the writer describe sport at the international level?
I am always amazed when I hear people saying that sport creates goodwill between the nations,
and that if only the common peoples of the world could meet one another at football or cricket,
they would have no inclination to meet on the battlefield.
Even if one didn't know from concrete examples (the 1936 Olympic Games, for instance) that
international sporting contests lead to orgies of hatred, one could deduce it from general principles.
Nearly all the sports practised nowadays are competitive.
You play to win, and the game has little meaning unless you do your utmost to win.
On the village green, where you pick up sides and no feeling of local patriotism is involved, it is possible to play simply for the fun and exercise: but as soon as the question of prestige arises, as soon as you feel that you and some larger unit will be disgraced if you lose, the most savage combative instincts are aroused.
Anyone who has played even in a school football match knows this.
At the international level, sport is frankly mimic warfare.
But the significant thing is not the behaviour of the players but the attitude of the spectators:
and, behind the spectators, of the nations who work themselves into furies over these absurd
and seriously believe -- at any rate for short periods -- that running, jumping and kicking a ball are tests of national virtue.
甚至煞有介事地相信 -- 至少在短期内如此 -- 跑跑、跳跳、踢踢球是对一个民族品德素质的检验。