高考对冠词的考查几乎每年都有一道题,而且都设两空,以增加覆盖面和难度。考生在冠词试题上失分较多,主要是缺乏语感,对一些知识点掌握不够透彻。高考冠词主要考查其基本用法,包括定冠词与不定冠词的区别用法、名词前省略冠词的场合、特指与泛指的区分以及习语中冠词的用法等。下面一和小牛英语来看看吧!

  考点一、 考查不定冠词a / an表示个别或泛指的用法
  1. How about taking_____short break? I want to make_____cal l.
  A. the; a B. a; the C. the; theD. a; a
  【解析】 答案为D。take a short break“休息一会儿”, make a call“打一个电话”。

  2. Christmas is_____special holiday when_____whole family are supposed to get together.
  A. the; the B. a; a
  C. the; a D. a; the
  【解析】 答案为D。a special holiday指“某一个特别的节日”;the whole family为特指。

  考点二、 考查定冠词the特指某一个人或事物的用法
  1. I looked under_____bed and found books I lost last week.
  A. the; a B. the;the
  C. 不填;the D. the; 不填
  【解析】 答案为B。此题中的the bed和the books都为特指。the bed 指“所看的床”;the books指“所丢的书”。

  2. I like_____color of your skirt. It is good match for your blouse.
  A. a; theB. a; aC. the; a D. the; the
  【解析】 答案为C。 the color指“你衬衫的颜色”;a good match泛指“和你的外套相配的一种好颜色”。

  考点三、 考查不定冠词及零冠词的习惯搭配
  1. George couldn’t remember when he first met Mr. Anderson, but he was sure
  it was Sunday because everybody was at church.
  A. /; the B. the; / C. a; / D. /; a
  【解析】 答案为C。a Sunday泛指某一个星期天;at church为固定搭配,不用冠词,意为“在做礼拜”。

  2. Many people have come to realize that they should go on_____balanced diet and makeroom in their day for exercise.
  A. a; / B. the; a C. the; the D. /; a
  【解析】 答案为A。a balanced diet泛指“一种平衡的饮食”;make room为固定搭配,意为“腾出空间”。

  考点四、 考查不定冠词在具体化的抽象名词前的用法
  1. —How about_____Christmas evening party?
  —I should say it was_____success.
  A. a; a B. the; a
  C. a; 不填 D. the; 不填
  【解析】 答案为B。the Christmas evening party为特指刚结束的圣诞晚会;a success考查抽象名词具体化时的不定冠词用法。success原为抽象名词,不可数, 但在此处已经完全具体化而变为可数名词。题中a success意为“一次成功的晚会”。当抽象名词表示具有某种特性、状态、情感、情绪的人和事时,这个抽象名词已经变为可数名词,再如What a pleasant surprise you gave us! 意为“你真的给我们带来了惊喜”。 
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