介词不会单独在句子中充当某一成分,它的后面带名词、人称代词的宾格或动名词构成介词短语,在句子中作状语或定语。下面小牛英语为大家带来高考英语语法介词的练习
  1.表时间,如:at night,on Sunday…;
  2.表地点,如:in Tianjin,at school…;
  3.表方式,如:by bike,in this way…;
  4.介词也可以和动词组成固定短语,如:look at…,take care of…,provide…for…。

 处理介词方面的题主要从介词本身的用法和固定短语两方面考虑。
  
  1.I saw such a wonderful painting ______ the first time.
  A.in B.on C.for D.at
  2.The city ____ plenty of modern and ancient buildings is Tianjin.
  A.with    B.for
  C.about D.to

  3.He has some ideas _______how to spend the holiday.
  A.to B.on C.for D.of

  4.I am sorry to hear that the dog bit him ______ the hand.
  A.on    B.at
  C.for    D.out of

  5.I hope he will play basketball _____ the Olympics.
  A.on B.for
  C.at    D.in

  6.Compare your grades ____ his, and you will know to work harder.
  A.to     B.of
  C.with D.about

  7.Mrs Green was too tired. She had to stand ____ the wall ___ a while.
  A.on;in B.against;for
  C.on;for D.behind;in

  8.I’m familiar ___ the bike because it is similar ___ mine.
  A.to;with    B.on;to
  C.with;with D.with;to

  9.It’s very brave ___ him to save a boy ___ danger.
  A.of;in    B.for;in
  C.to;with D.of;with

  10.He didn’t stop the operation ___cutting his finger.
  A.even though
  B.in spite of
  C.thanks to
  D.in place of

  热身训练·单项选择   
  参考答案
  1.C。这是一个固定短语,for没有中文意思,for the first time就是“头一次,第一次”的意思。

  2.A。with被使用时的用法主要是附带为一整体的意思,常译为“有……的”。

  3.B。on除了表位置,是“在……之上”的意思,还有一个意思是“关于……”,这句话就是后者的用法。

  4.A。来自固定短语“bite sb. on the hand,咬了某人的手”。

  5.D。来自固定短语。

  6.C。来自固定短语 “compare…with…,和……相比”。注意区别“compare…to…,把……比作……”。

  7.B。against在这里是“靠在……上”的意思,符合前一句的句意 “Mrs Green太累了。” for a while是固定短语“一会儿”的意思。
  8.D。来自固定短语“…be familiar with…,熟悉……”和 “…be similar to… 与……相似”。

  9.A。in danger是固定短语,这样正确答案就在A和B之间确定了,这里不能用“for”是因为“It’s+adj.+of sb. to do…”,这个句型中的形容词一定要用 “kind,nice,brave,clever,careless,lazy…”等来专门表达人的品质或性格的词,为此进行表扬和批评。这个句型可以变成“sb. is+adj. to do sth.”。例如:It is very kind of you to help me.=You are very kind to help me。相比之下“It’s+adj. +for sb. to do…”就不使用以上的形容词,句子一般都谈论做某事的重要性、必要性或意义。

  10.B。even though是连词,后边要带句子;其他的三个是介词,“thanks to——由于,in place of ——代替”,符合这个句子的是“in spite of——尽管”。

  11._______ the bottom of my heart I will say “Thank you very much” to everyone who helped me.
  A.At B.On C.In D.From

  12.It seems that they are speaking to me _______ person when I am listening to the radio.
  A.by B.for C.on D.in

  13.If you want to copy the song, connect your MP3 ___ my computer.
  A.to B.with C.in D.on

  14.Talk ___ the school leavers’party, can you tell me when it will be held.
  A.with B.about C.of D.to

  15.______ he most popular singers, Liu Dehua was chosen to present the best prize.
  A.During    B.Among
  C.Between D.Of

  16.It is necessary to care _____ the environment.
  A.of B. for C.with D.about

  17.Many planes fly _______ the city every day.
  A.above B.in C.into D.over

  18.His parents are cross _______ him _______ what he did.
  A.at;with B.with;at
  C.to;of D.with;to

  19.A life ____ old friends is like a day ___ sunshine. We will always stay ____ touch.
  A.without;without;in
  B.with;without;at
  C.without;without;on
  D.without;with;in

  参考答案
  11.D。由句意决定是“从我的内心深处……”
  12.D。来自固定短语“in person——亲自”。
  13.A。来自固定短语“…connect… to…,把……和……连接/接通”。
  14.C。这里是短语“talk of提到”的用法。“talk with/to sb.和某人谈话,talk about sth.谈论某事”。
  15.B。从the most popular singers可判断出是三者以上,between是两者之间。during后加时间段,这里如果用of,后边的句子必须出现最高级。
  16.D。care后可以带介词for和about,“care for——看护、照料”,所以这里是固定短语“care about——关心”的用法。
  17.D。这里是飞机飞过上空的意思,over不仅有“在上面、在上方”的意思,还表达“具有覆盖作用”。
  18.B。来自固定短语“…be angry with sb.——跟某人生气”和“…be angry at sth.——对某事生气”。
  19.A。“stay in touch——保持联系”,是固定短语,这样就在A和D两个选项中寻找正确答案,前边两个介词短语都是作定语修饰其前名词life和day的,根据句意要选相当于“没有”的介词。

  介词填空
  1.The teacher has seen the improvements _______ our study.
  2.Eating to much junk food has an effect _______ health.
  3.Last year he left the school ______ no electricity and only a few books.
  4.We had a great time _______ the school dance.
  5.______ a student, I should study hard.
  6.It’s impolite to be _______ the rules.
  7.He got up late and went to school _______ breakfast.
  8.She took many photos _______ her baby.
  9.I bought some fruits, _______ pineapples and grapes.
  10.People from all over the world make friends ______ writing letters.
  11.I saw a plane flying in the sky _______ the window.
  12.What did he have _______ supper?
  13.Astraunants have learned _______ much in space and they have also taken clear photos of the earth.
  14.We felt excited when we were looking _______ at the other side of the canyon.

  参考答案
  1.in 2.on 3.with 4.at 5.As 6.against