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初三英语听力:遗传决定睡眠长短需要

2017-02-21 23:11 来源:小牛英语

  同学们身边有没有这样一种人,他们睡觉的时间很少,但是这并不影响他们的日常生活,有的甚至还非常活跃。只能说他们可能真的和我们的构造不同啦。但普通的我们只有休息好了,才会有更多的精力。小牛英语请大家挑战这篇英语听力,掌握生词吧。
 

      听力原稿
 
  Don: Some people seem to need significantly( 显著地) less sleep than others.
 
  Yael: Tell me about it. I have a friend who swears(发誓) that she sleeps only five hours a night. If she's telling the truth, then she must be bionic(仿生学的;利用仿生学的). She seems to have plenty of energy, and she's not fuzzy-brained and incompetent(无力的 )the way I am after several nights of only five hours of sleep. You know what really irks(使烦恼) me? Because she sleeps less, she has more time to accomplish more in her days than I do. It's not fair.
 
  D: I know what you mean. I need eight to nine hours of sleep a night myself. What I would do for three more hours every day! That's twenty-one more hours a week! I'm getting off track though. Scientists have discovered a gene(基因) in fruit flies(果蝇) that determines how much rest the individual needs. Fruit flies with a version(版本,种类) of this gene are actually programmed to need less sleep than others. And humans possess a similar gene.
 
  Y : So the amount of sleep one needs seems to be genetically inherited(基因遗传)?
 
  D: Yes. And families of flies with a lower sleep requirement don't seem to suffer any impairments(障碍) in their performance of daily tasks. It may very well be that people who claim to need less sleep to operate normally are telling the truth.
 
  Y: That's depressing.
 
  D: Well, you might be interested to know that flies programmed to sleep less tend to die earlier.
 
  Y: Really? So maybe I'll end up with the same hours of waking time as my friend after all. It'll just take me a few extra years of living to catch up with her!
 
  D: Maybe.

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